Combat Command "B", 9th Armored Division (CCB, 9AD) was in an assembly position in the vicinity of Faymonville – Ligneuville, Belgium. In the 9th Armored Division’s CCR sector, the 52nd Armored Infantry Battalion seemed to be the primary target of the shelling. Combat Command RCCR of the U.S. 9th Armored Division sacrificed heroically to win precious time at Bastogne during the Battle of the Bulge. After a brief shelling of Task Force Rose positions, the German guns placed a smoke screen in front of the American task force. Times when the very landscape appears to shift. 22nd Tank Battalion. 9th Armored Division shoulder sleeve insignia, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, Armored divisions of the United States Army, United States Army divisions during World War II, Military units and formations established in 1942, http://www.ljmilitaria.com/armygroundforcespatches/civil_war__spanish_american_war__indian_wars__wwi.htm#divisions, The 9th: The Story of the 9th Armored Division, "Official 3d Brigade Combat Team, 1st Cavalry Division Homepage", https://military.wikia.org/wiki/9th_Armored_Division_(United_States)?oldid=4685722, Pages using infobox military unit with unknown parameters, 89th Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron, Mechanized, 509th Counter Intelligence Corps Detachment, Headquarters Company, 9th Armored Division, 131st Armored Ordnance Maintenance Battalion, 656th Tank Destroyer Battalion (attached 22 February 1945 past 9 May 1945), 811th Tank Destroyer Battalion (attached 14 November 1944 to 8 January 1945), 482nd AAA Automatic Weapons Battalion (attached 22 November 1945 to 9 January 1945; 22 February 1945 to 9 May 1945). This U.S. Sherman M4A3 (76) of Company B, 2nd Tank Battalion, 9th Armored Division is the only known surviving combat vehicle of the division. The crew is unpacking and taking inventory of all the gear issued with the tank, they probably received the tank with the back deck covered in the boxes. Its two tank battalions were about at full strength with 27 Mark IVs, 58 Panthers, and 48 armored assault guns. We operated in this organization until … Tanks of the 9th Armored Division roll through an abandoned French village. Shortly after midnight, Gilbreth ordered his forces to prepare to withdraw to Bastogne. Four of the 9th Armored Division's M-26 Pershing tanks from A Company, 14th Tank Battalion were first to the bridge. But there’s NEVER been anything like THIS before. The Sherman tanks of A Company opened fire and counted hits on all three German tanks. Combat Command A of the 9th Armored Division had been attached to the Fourth on the 27th, and was fighting its own battle to further expand and protect the corridor to the west. The 73rd AFA batteries were immediately pulled back to Longvilly. They came through the 101st defensive lines having had very little sleep or food for three days and in almost constant battle with an enemy that not only had the full advantage of surprise but was also far superior in numbers, the quantity and quality of its armor, and in its battle experience. When the Germans launched their winter offensive, the 9th, with no real combat experience, suddenly found itself engaged in heavy fighting. These enemy forces were the lead elements of the 116th Panzer Division, which were on their way to Houffalize after taking Trois Vierges. The entire front was being subjected to similar bombardment, and the Germans were probably just putting on an artillery show or involved in some spoiling operation. The 28th and the 4th had been severely mauled in the bloody battles of the Hürtgen Forest. The second roadblock was at a junction where a secondary road from the valley of the Clerve at Drauffelt joined Highway N-12 near the village of Allerborn. The do-or-die circumstance meted out to Task Force Rose at Lullange exemplifies the desperate situation facing VIII Corps command during the first days of the offensive. Although unexpected stiff pockets of American resistance had delayed Bastogne’s capture by at least a full day, all was far from lost. All three platoons of his tank company (15 Sherman tanks) were positioned about 300 yards to the rear of the infantry. Cemeteries & Memorials; Burial Search; About Us; Education; Facebook; Twitter; YouTube; Instagram; ABMC Headquarters 2300 Clarendon Blvd, Suite 500 Arlington, VA 22201 Phone: 571-842-0020. Captain Rose placed a platoon of infantry facing north of the junction and another platoon facing east on the road coming from Clervaux. On December 16, however, the forces available to Middleton to implement this plan were not nearly enough. Each combat command was a combined arms military organization of comparable size to a brigade or regiment and loosely patterned after the German combined arms approach to mechanized warfare. The personnel of CCR, 9th Armored Division who managed to make it to Bastogne and regroup were able to assist the 101st Airborne Division by acting as either mobile emergency relief strike forces, armored support for the lightly armed paratroopers, or direct infantry augmentation to the defense line. In mid-December 1944, the three combat commands of the 9th Armored Division were scattered throughout the Ardennes front. This staunch defense disrupted the precise German attack schedule and thus gave time for the United States III and XII Corps to assemble unhindered and then launch the coordinated attack which raised the siege of Bastogne and contributed to saving much of Luxembourg and its capital from another German invasion. At about 9:40 am on the 17th, approximately 10 minutes after word came that the Germans had captured Clervaux and crossed the Clerf River, General Middleton ordered Colonel Gilbreth to establish two roadblocks between Clervaux and Bastogne in an effort to delay the Germans. The 9th Armored Division landed in Normandy late in September 1944, and first went into line, 23 October, on patrol duty in a quiet sector along the Luxembourg-German frontier. There are moments in military history that forever alter the flow of human events. There have been countless thousands of published works devoted to all or of it. US Order of Battle. Task Force Rose’s commander, seeing that his command was quickly dissolving against the overwhelming strength of the enemy, dispatched two Shermans along Highway N-12 to the Allerborn roadblock along with a plea for immediate assistance. After over two years of training throughout the country, including Camp Ibis, the 9th Ar… The 26th VGD commander, General Heinz Kokott, was given the mission of forcing crossings at the Our and Clerf Rivers on the left of the Panzer Corps, holding them open for the armor of the 2nd Panzer Division, then following it to Bastogne. This was based on an earlier effort but was predicated on a new Cavalry Regiment TO&E (Table of Organization and Equipment) which was … However, many other retreating soldiers never made it, having fallen to the gauntlet of sporadic enemy artillery fire, snipers, and engagements with concealed enemy infantry and tanks. We became associated with the 60th Armored Infantry and the 3rd Armored Field Artillery Batallions. CCR’s 73rd Armored Field Artillery provided artillery support from a small village called Buret just northwest of Task Forces Rose and Harper. This was only seven months after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7 December 1941, which was followed just four days later by the German declaration of war on the United States, thus bringing the United States into World War II. The division, under the command of Major General Geoffrey Keyes, was activated on 15 July 1942 at Fort Riley, Kansas, by reorganizing and redesignating the white elements of the 2nd Cavalry Division. The second roadblock near Allerborn, under the command of Lt. Col. Ralph S. Harper (Task Force Harper), consisted of a company and a half of Sherman tanks (C and D Companies, 2nd Tank Battalion), one company of armored infantry (B Company, 52nd AIB), and a platoon of armored engineers. In the exchange of fire, A Company knocked out three Mark IVs with one Sherman destroyed, the main gun of a second was disabled, and a third Sherman threw a track, forcing its crew to destroy it. Put out of action on December 17th 1944 while defending Clervaux, Luxembourg. CCR would be treated as a true reserve force from which units and men could be drawn as needed, a holding unit for a heterogeneous collection of troops and equipment. Since the primary mission of the Fifth Panzer Army was to reach and cross the Meuse River by day three of the offensive in flank support of Sixth SS Panzer Army’s drive to capture Antwerp, the 2nd Panzer and the Panzer Lehr Divisions were to rapidly move beyond Bastogne regardless of who held it. This M4A1 76w is from A Company, 20th Tank Battalion , 20 Armored Division. Major General John W. Leonard’s 9th Armored Division was, like most armored divisions of the period, divided into three separate combat commands (CC): A, B, and R (Reserve). The enemy tanks first turned their guns on Task Force Rose’s armored infantry posts, forcing the infantrymen to withdraw to the Shermans. The 3rd Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division, was constituted on 29 August 1917 and organized as Headquarters, 3rd Brigade, 15th Cavalry Division in December. Essentially, the only uncommitted combat unit he had left was CCR of the 9th Armored Division. In addition, an American occupation of Bastogne would provide Allied forces with a base from which to hamper the German flanks and rear as well as cause major resupply problems for Luttwitz’s fuel-hungry tanks. After this, the Mark IVs and Panthers destroyed two tank platoons of Company C, 2nd Tank Battalion as well as a number of infantrymen being silhouetted by the burning vehicles. The 3rd Brigade demobilized on 15 July 1919 and reconstituted on 10 August 1921, within the newly-constituted 1st Cavalry Division. Once Luttwitz’s XLVII Panzer Corps crossed the Clerf, Bastogne could be reached no later than midday of the 18th, thus allowing German command and control the use of its vital road network. The division was activated on 15 July 1942 at Fort Riley, KS. Die 9th Armored Division (deutsch 9. Aside from a couple of engineer units, Middleton had only one combat unit in reserve and that was the newly arrived and untested 9th Armored Division. Subscribe to 2nd Tank Battalion, 9th Armored Division Footer menu. The tank battles of North Africa and Russia in early 1942 caused the US Army to recognized the need to drastically increase the number of its armored units. Manteuffel and Luttwitz believed that the two airborne divisions would reach Bastogne either during the night of December 18 or early on the 19th. Die 9th Armored Division war eine von mehreren (tatsächlich existierenden) Divisionen der US Army, die an der Operation Fortitude teilnahmen. For the men of CCB and CCR, the hard slog was over for the time being. © On the morning of December 19, Booth decided to move what was left of his team plus about 100 stragglers, even a few from the 106th Infantry Division, to Bastogne. CCR, under the command of Colonel Joseph H. Gilbreth, was stationed at Trois Vierges, roughly 20 miles northeast of the crossroads town of Bastogne, Belgium, in support of VIII Corps’ left and center. In addition to the direct fire coming from the German panzers, the infantry and Shermans of Task Force Rose were also coming under indirect fire from 88mm antiaircraft guns estimated to be about 2,500 yards to the east. While Task Force Rose’s complement of Shermans was slowly dwindling, 2nd Panzer Division tanks kept multiplying as more of the division rolled up from Clervaux. Cemeteries & Memorials; Burial Search; About Us; Education; Facebook; Twitter; YouTube; Instagram; ABMC Headquarters 2300 Clarendon Blvd, Suite 500 Arlington, VA 22201 Phone: 703-584-1501. Based upon all available information, Booth estimated that his team was up against at least one armored division. Men and armor retreating into Bastogne from the battles that preceded the arrival of the 101st Airborne Division continued to stream in throughout the day with valuable information concerning German deployment and strengths. Maj. Gen. Bastogne lay in the sector of advance that Manteuffel assigned to XLVII Panzer Corps and its commander, General Heinrich von Luttwitz. US-Panzerdivision, Beiname Phantom Division) war eine Panzerdivision der United States Army. Three infantry divisions, the 28th, 4th, and 106th, comprised VIII Corps. At approximately 8:30 am on December 18, the infantrymen of Task Force Rose facing Clervaux reported that three enemy tanks accompanied by infantry were approaching. The Shermans came upon three enemy tanks, one of which was quickly destroyed with the other two withdrawing into defilade. 8th Armored Division – WW-2. With its primary mission now canceled with the destruction of Task Force Harper, Team Booth weighed its options of either defending in place or heading for Bastogne. Place and date: Near Grufflingen, Belgium, 21 December 1944. Activated 15 Feb 42 Arrived ETO 25 Feb 44 Arrived Continent (D/42) 18 Jul 44 Entered Combat: First Element 27 Jul 44 Entire Division 28 Jul 44 Days in Combat 226 Casualties (Tentative) Killed 1,169 Wounded 4,198 Missing 152 Captured 7 Battle Casualties 5,526 Non-Battle Casualties 7,290 Total Casualties 12,816 Colonel Gilbreth’s as yet untested command, within this framework of parceling, separation, and external control, was expected to stop the advance of a formidable Wehrmacht armored division. In September 1943 fourteen of those were reorganized, these are sometimes called the „light“ armored divisions, although this name is a bit misleading, because the main difference was in size and not the equipped tanks. They are on the outskirts of Cailly, France on February 24th, they had arrived in country a few days before and had not seen combat yet. Its stand at Bastogne held off the Germans long enough to enable the 101st Airborne to dig in for a defense of the city. U.S. Armored Divisions Previous Next 9th Armored Division (Inactive) ... Fourth Armored Division tanks finally broke through on 26 December, but CCB continued to fight until 18 January. In addition, smaller units of tank destroyers, engineers, and mechanized cavalry were assigned as needed to accomplish any given mission. In honor of their World War II service, the 9th was officially nicknamed the "Phantom Division." An M5A1 light tank from Company D, 37th Tank Battalion, 4th Armored Division, leads a column of trucks into Bastogne on 27 December during Patton's drive to relieve the town. The Combat Command had been attached to the 2nd Infantry Division in order to participate in an attack on the Roer River Dams in the vicinity of Dreiborn, Germany. There have been countless thousands of published works devoted to all or of it. In some black and white photos the marking appears as a wolf head on a simple white square. The 2nd Armored Division ("Hell on Wheels") was an armored division of the United States Army. Panzer Lehr would follow directly behind the 26th VGD. It was Middleton’s reasoning that a strong American concentration within these transportation centers would force the Germans to come to him and, in any case, American forces would be in strength on the enemy’s flank and rear. The German high command felt that its former commander, General Henning Schonfeld, lacked the aggressive spirit required for the forthcoming offensive. Middleton ordered that these two roadblocks be held “at all costs.”. 9th Armored Division – WW-2. It advanced to within 15 miles of Moscow and later participated in the epic armored battle of Kursk. History of the 811th Tank Destroyer Battalion - Pages 42 to 80. So let’s take a closer look. Colonel Gilbreth’s Combat Command R consisted of the 52nd Armored Infantry Battalion, the 2nd Tank Battalion, the 73rd Armored Field Artillery Battalion, the 811th Tank Destroyer Battalion, and other conventional task force attachments. One Sherman became bogged down in the mud and had to be evacuated. It changed the world more than any other single event in history. As the lead panzer came into view, it was turned back by fire from the American tanks. With reports of German assaults and penetrations coming in throughout the day from his entire VIII Corps sector, General Middleton realized that what was occurring was no simple spoiling attack but a major German offensive. Shortly after this initial engagement, four enemy tanks supported by infantry emerged from the woods just northeast of the American forward positions. Middleton understood that with the number of enemy units involved and with the speed at which they were attempting to move they would need more road available. Luttwitz’s 2nd Panzer Division was formed in 1935. Also at about 2 pm, Colonel Gilbreth called General Middleton to request permission to withdraw Task Force Rose from the Lullange roadblock and move it back to the Allerborn roadblock. When General Omar Bradley, 12th Army Group commander, visited Middleton at his headquarters in Bastogne, Middleton expressed concern about the overall defensive situation, only to be told, “Don’t worry Troy, they won’t come through here.” Middleton replied, “Maybe not, Brad, but they’ve come through this area several times before.” To help assuage his fears, General Bradley provided VIII Corps with the newly arrived 9th Armored Division. Realizing this, the German commander shifted his force to allow a stronger attack to the north and northwest of the Americans. The German reconnaissance battalion was still carefully feeling out this rather unexpected mix of enemy armor and infantry and had decided to wait for the arrival of the main body. 2.) When the Germans launched their winter offensive on 16 December 1944, the 9th, with no real combat experience, suddenly found itself engaged in heavy fighting. Do you have 9TH ARMORED DIVISION, 19TH TANK BATTALION Reunion information you'd like to share Relive & share the memories of your service time with your brothers & sisters in arms today. The 112th Infantry Regiment drew off a platoon of tank destroyers, and the 110th Infantry Regiment was sent a platoon of tank destroyers as well as a company of tanks. The northernmost roadblock near Lullange, under the command of Captain L.K. CCA was placed just south of the confluence of the Our and Sure Rivers wedged between the 109th Infantry Regiment of the 28th Infantry Division to its north and the 12th Infantry Regiment of the 4th Infantry Division to its south. South of St. Vith, even as Lt. Col. Engeman’s task forces were responding to the 7th Armored’s cry for help, Germans of the 62nd Volksgrenadier Division were trying to get across the Our River at Steinebruck and hit St. Vith from that direction. It consisted of a company of armored infantry (minus one platoon), one platoon of tank destroyers, and one platoon of light tanks and had the mission of protecting the left flank and rear of Task Force Harper. In the 9th Armored Division’s CCR sector, the 52nd Armored Infantry Battalion seemed to be the primary target of the shelling. But there’s NEVER been anything like THIS before. In honor of their World War II service, the 9th was officially nicknamed the "Phantom Division." The 106th Infantry Division was newly arrived at the front, replacing the 2nd Infantry Division, and had yet to see combat. Citation: He was the leader of a combat patrol on 21 December 1944 near Grufflingen, Belgium, with the mission of driving German forces from dug-in positions in a heavily wooded area. As much as Harper wanted to assist Task Force Rose, Middleton was not allowing him independent control of Task Force Harper, and Middleton would not allow any part of Task Force Harper to assist Task Force Rose. In the opening onslaught, the Germans swept the first line of defense with machine-gun fire to clear out any infantry that might be protecting the tanks. CCB of the 9th Armored was immediately needed in St. Vith to shore up the 106th Infantry Division, while CCA was badly needed in the Wallendorf-Echternach area to support the 4th Infantry Division. The German tanks were effectively aided by their infrared night-sighting devices with an effective range of 400 meters. The 22nd Tank Battalion, originally the 3rd Battalion, 42nd Armored Regiment was activated on August 15, 1942, with the 11th Armored Division at Camp Polk, Louisiana. At approximately 3 pm on December 18, CCR headquarters at Longvilly received the final message from the northern roadblock that the defenders had been overrun. - … The area of the Ardennes designated for the XLVII Panzer Corps’ breakthrough was held by the 28th Infantry Division’s 1st and 3rd Battalions of the 110th Infantry Regiment, commanded by Colonel Hurley F. Fuller. It slowed down the German advance, though it could not prevent the pursuing German spearheads from coming within 4 km from the Meuse near Dinant without any major engagements. After the war, General Manteuffel wrote: “On the whole the delaying action of the withdrawing American Army was a success. The sounds of enemy tanks could be heard to Task Force Rose’s right, and since the armored infantry’s antitank platoon could not cover the task force’s right flank, a platoon of Shermans was dispatched. This left only one tank platoon to defend to the north. History of the 811th Tank Destroyer Battalion - Pages 1 to 41. However, no sooner had Captain Baird’s force started to move out when Lt. Col. Harper appeared and canceled the mission. 2021 - 2020 Although the Germans were on the ropes and expected to capitulate soon, General Middleton still worried about the thin spread of his on such a wide front. Once in Neufchateau, DeRoche located Captain Walter M. Meier, who was busy gathering and regrouping retreating CCR men and armor. Hodges agreed with Middleton’s assessment, and on the morning of December 17, Hodges was trying to reach General Bradley to have the only two SHAEF (Supreme Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Force) reserve divisions left on the European continent, the 101st and the 82nd Airborne divisions, released to VIII Corps for the immediate defense of Bastogne. This time it took nearly 90 minutes for the smoke to lift, and when it did the GIs of Task Force Rose discovered that the German panzers had moved to within 800 yards of their position and the Shermans were taking direct fire from approximately 16 German tanks. As the wolf Pack, it had a wolf 's head over an hour.!, no sooner had Captain Baird ’ s NEVER been anything like before! Fire from German tanks kämpfte 1944/45 an der Westfront im Zweiten Weltkrieg midnight, Gilbreth ordered his forces prepare... First U.S. Army VIII Corps was such a unit 26th VGD…. ” tank with a late-war 76 main... 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