Javascript is not enabled in your browser. Whilst human kind Throughout the lands lay miserably crushed Before all eyes beneath Religion—who Would show her head along the region skies, Glowering on mortals with her hideous face— A Greek it was who first opposing dared Raise mortal eyes that terror to withstand, Whom nor the fame of Gods nor lightning's stroke Nor threatening thunder of the ominous sky Abashed; but rather chafed to angry zest His dauntless heart to be the first to rend The crossbars at the gates of Nature old. With the passion of a true poet, Titus Lucretius Carus (ca. in English view Kindle eBook | view Audible audiobook. Some will say that they need the gods to turn atoms into the things we need like fruit, grain, etc. 55 B.C.E.) If you are available to assist (as simple as typing the text from the PDF into an email) please email or check in here. . Auto Suggestions are available once you type at least 3 letters. But if from naught Were their becoming, they would spring abroad Suddenly, unforeseen, in alien months, With no primordial germs, to be preserved From procreant unions at an adverse hour. Thus easier 'tis to hold that many things Have primal bodies in common (as we see The single letters common to many words) Than aught exists without its origins. These standards follow straightforwardly from the fundamental precepts spread out in Book I, which express that nothing originates from nothing, nothing can be totally decimated, and the universe is unending. Some books are to be tasted, others to be swallowed, and some few to be chewed and digested; that is, some books are to be read only in parts; others to be read, but not curiously; and some few to be read wholly, and with diligence and attention. . Wherefore Religion now is under foot, And us his victory now exalts to heaven. . Then be it ours with steady mind to clasp The purport of the skies—the law behind The wandering courses of the sun and moon; To scan the powers that speed all life below; But most to see with reasonable eyes Of what the mind, of what the soul is made, And what it is so terrible that breaks On us asleep, or waking in disease, Until we seem to mark and hear at hand Dead men whose bones earth bosomed long ago.SUBSTANCE IS ETERNAL—146–328 This terror, then, this darkness of the mind, Not sunrise with its flaring spokes of light, Nor glittering arrows of morning can disperse, But only Nature's aspect and her law, Which, teaching us, hath this exordium: Nothing from nothing ever yet was born. Learn how to enable JavaScript on your browser, On the Nature of Things / Edition 2 available in 99-ca. Smith has incorporated the most recent research, including the new discoveries of Epicurean materials from Herculaneum. Read more. Whence may the water-springs, beneath the sea, Or inland rivers, far and wide away, Keep the unfathomable ocean full? Lucretius – On the Nature of Things, Book 2. Then too we know the varied smells of things Yet never to our nostrils see them come; With eyes we view not burning heats, nor cold, Nor are we wont men's voices to behold. They raised her up, they bore the trembling girl On to the altar—hither led not now With solemn rites and hymeneal choir, But sinless woman, sinfully foredone, A parent felled her on her bridal day, Making his child a sacrificial beast To give the ships auspicious winds for Troy: Such are the crimes to which religion leads. Use up arrow (for mozilla firefox browser alt+up arrow) and down arrow (for mozilla firefox browser alt+down arrow) to review and enter to select. The title of Lucretius’s work translates that of the chief work of Epicurus, Peri physeōs (On Nature). It provides the basic information to the non-specialist reader without overburdening him or her with excessive details. And raiment, hung by surf-beat shore, grows moist, The same, spread out before the sun, will dry; Yet no one saw how sank the moisture in, Nor how by heat off-driven. Download: A text-only version is available for download. Reviewed in the United States on August 24, 2015. Thus nature ever by unseen bodies works. Lastly whatever days and nature add Little by little, constraining things to grow In due proportion, no gaze however keen Of these our eyes hath watched and known. Whence take the proof that things enlarge and feed From out their proper matter. When they feign That gods have stablished all things but for man, Suppose all sprang from all things: any kind Might take its origin from any thing, No fixèd seed required. dtai claustra, • the Iastnesses of life,' olu UrminuJ baerms, •the deepset boundary-mark,' &c.- but one is possessed with a atrong feeling that he has I fear perhaps thou deemest that we fare An impious road to realms of thought profane; But 'tis that same religion oftener far Hath bred the foul impieties of men: As once at Aulis, the elected chiefs, Foremost of heroes, Danaan counsellors, Defiled Diana's altar, virgin queen, With Agamemnon's daughter, foully slain. Your email address will not be published. 05 - Book 2, pt 2 - Attack on those who refuse the theories of Epicurus. More from the same. 1:15:35. . Again, why see we lavished o'er the lands At spring the rose, at summer heat the corn, The vines that mellow when the autumn lures, If not because the fixèd seeds of things At their own season must together stream, And new creations only be revealed When the due times arrive and pregnant earth Safely may give unto the shores of light Her tender progenies? She felt the chaplet round her maiden locks And fillets, fluttering down on either cheek, And at the altar marked her grieving sire, The priests beside him who concealed the knife, And all the folk in tears at sight of her. Thus we know, That moisture is dispersed about in bits Too small for eyes to see. Properties of the atoms: atoms are constantly in motion, and tend to move downwards. expounds the most coherent and eloquent system of materialism surviving from the ancient world. I know how hard it is in Latian verse To tell the dark discoveries of the Greeks, Chiefly because our pauper-speech must find Strange terms to fit the strangeness of the thing; Yet worth of thine and the expected joy Of thy sweet friendship do persuade me on To bear all toil and wake the clear nights through, Seeking with what of words and what of song I may at last most gloriously uncloud For thee the light beyond, wherewith to view The core of being at the centre hid. Hardcover. Book I defines atoms and lays out the fundamental laws that govern them. But, since produced from fixèd seeds are all, Each birth goes forth upon the shores of light From its own stuff, from its own primal bodies. On the Nature of Things … However, his 1969 translation of De Rerum Natura--long out of print--is virtually unknown. Epicurus was the first to raise men above the curse of superstition and the wicked deeds it leads to, such as the sacrifice of Iphianassa (Iphigenia) at Aulis by Agammenon, and the fear that people have from priests that they will be endlessly tormented after death. Verified Purchase. Nor more Can we observe what's lost at any time, When things wax old with eld and foul decay, Or when salt seas eat under beetling crags. Hence too it comes that Nature all dissolves Into their primal bodies again, and naught Perishes ever to annihilation. It is also believed that the Roman poet Virgil referenced Lucretius and his work in the second book of his Georgics when he wrote: "Happy is he who has discovered the causes of things and has cast beneath his feet all fears, unavoidable fate, and the din of the devouring Underworld" (felix qui potuit rerum cognoscere causas/atque metus omnis et inexorabile fatum/subiecit pedibus strepitumque Acherontis … Pour from those lips soft syllables to win Peace for the Romans, glorious Lady, peace! . Lucretius divided his argument into six E-Books; Title Support Pages; About & Contact; Home > On the Nature of Things (Smith Edition) On the Nature of Things (Smith Edition) Lucretius Translated, with Introduction and Notes, by Martin Ferguson Smith. Nor on the mingling of the living seeds Would space be needed for the growth of things Were life an increment of nothing: then The tiny babe forthwith would walk a man, And from the turf would leap a branching tree— Wonders unheard of; for, by Nature, each Slowly increases from its lawful seed, And through that increase shall conserve its kind. For what the soul may be they do not know, Whether 'tis born, or enter in at birth, And whether, snatched by death, it die with us, Or visit the shadows and the vasty caves Of Orcus, or by some divine decree Enter the brute herds, as our Ennius sang, Who first from lovely Helicon brought down A laurel wreath of bright perennial leaves, Renowned forever among the Italian clans. . You can view Barnes & Noble’s Privacy Policy. Thus naught of what so seems Perishes utterly, since Nature ever Upbuilds one thing from other, suffering naught To come to birth but through some other's death. On The Nature of Things (Illustrated) and millions of other books are available for instant access. Lucretius discusses the motion of atoms, natural phenomena, sensation, free will, and the soul's relation to the body. --Charles Segal, Harvard University, For anyone concerned to understand the Epicurean philosophical tradition from the inside, the republication, in an updated version, of Martin Ferguson Smith's little-known translation of Lucretius is welcome news. But we don’t need to attribute these things to the gods – they happen by themselves, In fact, there’s just too much wrong with the world to say that these perfect gods are ordering things to be as they are, Fire is a reaction that seems spontaneous but it needs to feed off of wood – its flames start small & grow, Grass & trees grow from seeds of their own kind, Atoms, when moving, don’t move in a completely straight way – they swerve a little, If they didn’t, they’d all fall completely down, The collision of atoms comes from this swerving of atoms, Heavier objects collide into smaller ones that give way in the void, The atoms must swerve a little, but no more than that, This swerve is related to our free will on earth – allowing us to go where we choose by swerving a little from what seems to be a pre-planned path by the swerving of all the atoms of the body together, Our bodies can be dragged against their will just like the atoms can, No matter is crammed in or spread thin. [418] And now to resume the thread of my design: All nature is founded on two things: (1) bodies and (2) empty space, or void, in which these bodies are placed and through which they move about. He asks her to bring charm to his words that will help them to endure. . On the Nature of Things (De rerum natura) is a first century BC epic poem by the Roman poet and philosopher Lucretius with the goal of explaining Epicurean philosophy to a Roman audience. And for the rest, summon to judgments true, Unbusied ears and singleness of mind Withdrawn from cares; lest these my gifts, arranged For thee with eager service, thou disdain Before thou comprehendest: since for thee I prove the súpreme law of Gods and sky, And the primordial germs of things unfold, Whence Nature all creates, and multiplies And fosters all, and whither she resolves Each in the end when each is overthrown. 30 The six books fall naturally into three pairs. On the Nature of Things: Book 1 (57 BC) by Lucretius - Duration: 1:15:35. The Venerable Bede composed On the Nature of Things and On Times at the outset of his career in AD 703, shaping a mass of difficult and sometimes dangerous material on the mathematical and physical basis of time into a lucid and well-organized account that laid the framework for much of Carolingian and Scholastic scientific thought. For a better shopping experience, please upgrade now. Sense requires muscles, flesh, veins, etc. Meantime, when once we know from nothing still Nothing can be create, we shall divine More clearly what we seek: those elements From which alone all things created are, And how accomplished by no tool of Gods. In Book 3 he expounds the nature and composition of mind and spirit, proves their mortality, and argues that there is nothing to fear in death. Opens with an prayer to Venus, lamenting the barbarous business of warfare [e.g., civil war, butchery of the Sammites, Spartacus' revolt, Catiline's conspiracy], and an appeal to Memmius. The more you learn, the more you realize how little you know. With a dumb terror and a sinking knee She dropped; nor might avail her now that first 'Twas she who gave the king a father's name. . Buy Books and CD-ROMs: Help : On the Nature of Things By Lucretius. And since 'tis thou alone Guidest the Cosmos, and without thee naught Is risen to reach the shining shores of light, Nor aught of joyful or of lovely born, Thee do I crave co-partner in that verse Which I presume on Nature to compose For Memmius mine, whom thou hast willed to be Peerless in every grace at every hour— Wherefore indeed, Divine one, give my words Immortal charm. For we know that material things exist by the general acknowledgement of mankind. We see how wearing-down hath minished these, But just what motes depart at any time, The envious nature of vision bars our sight. . Interested in On the Nature of Things by Lucretius? On the Nature of Things is carefully structured. There’s a smorgasbord of matter in any grass, stream, etc. Transcription of Book 1 of the Daniel Browne edition is now complete, and we are in the process of adding the remaining five books, with cross-references of each book against the Latin text. And thus his will and hardy wisdom won; And forward thus he fared afar, beyond The flaming ramparts of the world, until He wandered the unmeasurable All. For this edition, Professor Smith provides a revised translation, new Introduction, headnotes and bibliography. For the slightest force Would loose the weft of things wherein no part Were of imperishable stock. But of course, the translation is the most important part of the work . --Gordon Campbell, Hermathena, The translation is accurate, clear, readable, and vigorous. Discover similar books recommended by the world's most successful people in 2021. Moreover, why should Nature not prepare Men of a bulk to ford the seas afoot, Or rend the mighty mountains with their hands, Or conquer Time with length of days, if not Because for all begotten things abides The changeless stuff, and what from that may spring Is fixed forevermore? "Nothing ever springs miraculously from nothing... all are formed fr… A touch might be enough To cause destruction. This book spreads out inside and out the standards of nuclear movement, shape, and properties. And more than this, if Time, That wastes with eld the works along the world, Destroy entire, consuming matter all, Whence then may Venus back to light of life Restore the generations kind by kind? . Enabling JavaScript in your browser will allow you to experience all the features of our site. On the Nature of Things, long poem written in Latin as De rerum natura by Lucretius that sets forth the physical theory of the Greek philosopher Epicurus. Meticulous, judicious and reader-friendly in equal measure, it embodies the fruits of a lifetime's study of Lucretius' poetic masterpiece. Report abuse. . Of the nature of things, in six books 1714, Printed by J. Matthews for G. Sawbridge and sold by J. Churchill and W. Taylor, [etc.] Word Count: 460. Yet these must be corporeal at the base, Since thus they smite the senses: naught there is Save body, having property of touch. Thus on they rave With uproar shrill and ominous moan. is excellent. And out of what does Ether feed the stars? And, too, the selfsame power might end alike All things, were they not still together held By matter eternal, shackled through its parts, Now more, now less. Lucretius begins his poem with a prayer to Venus, the Roman goddess of love, whose reproductive powers allow everything in nature to flourish. For in a season troublous to the state Neither may I attend this task of mine With thought untroubled, nor mid such events The illustrious scion of the Memmian house Neglect the civic cause. Author. . R. E. Aiken. 5.0 out of 5 stars you need to read this wonderful book. For, were aught mortal in its every part, Before our eyes it might be snatched away Unto destruction; since no force were needed To sunder its members and undo its bands. Thus it comes That earth, without her seasons of fixed rains, Could bear no produce such as makes us glad, And whatsoever lives, if shut from food, Prolongs its kind and guards its life no more. I own with reason: for, if men but knew Some fixèd end to ills, they would be strong By some device unconquered to withstand Religions and the menacings of seers. Public Domain (P)2007 Audio Connoisseur. . BOOK I PROEM—1–145 MOTHER of Rome, delight of Gods and men, Dear Venus that beneath the gliding stars Makest to teem the many-voyagèd main And fruitful lands—for all of living things Through thee alone are evermore conceived, Through thee are risen to visit the great sun— Before thee, Goddess, and thy coming on, Flee stormy wind and massy cloud away, For thee the daedal Earth bears scented flowers, For thee the waters of the unvexèd deep Smile, and the hollows of the sérene sky Glow with diffusèd radiance for thee! Helpful. We should expect from the beginning then that we are in the hands of a wise and learned guide as soon as we open his Lucretius, and this expectation is certainly borne out by the quality of this sensitive and thoughtful edition. . Written in the first century b.C., On the Nature of Things (in Latin, De Rerum Natura) is a poem in six books that aims at explaining the Epicurean philosophy to the Roman audience.Among digressions about the importance of philosophy in men's life and praises of Epicurus, Lucretius created a solid treatise on the atomic theory, the falseness of religion and many kinds of natural phenomena. On the Nature of Things is divided into six sections, or books, which we can loosely divide into three pairs. The winds, 'Tis clear, are sightless bodies sweeping through The sea, the lands, the clouds along the sky, Vexing and whirling and seizing all amain; And forth they flow and pile destruction round, Even as the water's soft and supple bulk Becoming a river of abounding floods, Which a wide downpour from the lofty hills Swells with big showers, dashes headlong down Fragments of woodland and whole branching trees; Nor can the solid bridges bide the shock As on the waters whelm: the turbulent stream, Strong with a hundred rains, beats round the piers, Crashes with havoc, and rolls beneath its waves Down-toppled masonry and ponderous stone, Hurling away whatever would oppose. – Francis Bacon, Copyright © 2021 Know-It-All to Know-Nothing, on Lucretius – On the Nature of Things, Book 2, 10 Years of Reading in Great Books of the Western World, Lucretius – On the Nature of Things, Book 2, Thomas Paine – The American Crisis, 1 (December 1776) →, ← Thomas Paine – The American Crisis, 13 (April 1783), It’s comforting to watch another ship fight the sea & wind while yours is calm, not because you rejoice in others’ struggles but because it reminds you of how nice it is to be free from struggle yourself, It reminds you that you don’t actually need very much at all – just calm & ease, & to have your body refreshed from time to time, Luxury & worship of the gods are useless to our bodies & souls, & will only cause you pain if you feel that you need them, Atomic Motion – engendering bodies move & give things life through their motion, Everything grows but everything also decays, As atoms leave something, the thing diminishes & eventually dies, just as when atoms form, they build up & the thing blooms, Things whither & are later renewed through the movement of atoms, Atoms will continue to move, bouncing off one another, Remember, there’s no bottom of the universe where the atoms can collect, so they crash around & collect together to form shapes & things we know in the world, You can understand how they work by watching dust in the sunlight, moving around, never ceasing to be there, Atoms move quickly but once they bounce into one another, they slow down but still move with great force – sometimes even faster than the speed of light. BOOK I PROEM—1–145 MOTHER of Rome, delight of Gods and men, Dear Venus that beneath the gliding stars Makest to teem the many-voyagèd main And fruitful lands—for all of living things Through thee alone are evermore conceived, Through thee are risen to visit the great sun— Before thee, Goddess, and thy coming on, Lucretius and the Greeks got it right in the 1st century BC. Him thus reclined Fill with thy holy body, round, above! The introduction is excellent. In Book 3 he expounds the nature and composition of mind and spirit, proves their mortality, and argues that there is nothing to fear in death. But now Because the fastenings of primordial parts Are put together diversly and stuff Is everlasting, things abide the same Unhurt and sure, until some power comes on Strong to destroy the warp and woof of each: Nothing returns to naught; but all return At their collapse to primal forms of stuff. . of Durham, United Kingdom. Another case: A ring upon the finger thins away Along the under side, with years and suns; The drippings from the eaves will scoop the stone; The hookèd ploughshare, though of iron, wastes Amid the fields insidiously. Uh-oh, it looks like your Internet Explorer is out of date. We view The rock-paved highways worn by many feet; And at the gates the brazen statues show Their right hands leaner from the frequent touch Of wayfarers innumerable who greet. Lucretius: On the Nature of Things A conversation with Margaret Graver, Professor of Classics, Dartmouth College Fear holds dominion over mortality Only because, seeing in land and sky So much the cause whereof no wise they know, Men think Divinities are working there. . I can recommend this book unreservedly. And there shall come the time when even thou, Forced by the soothsayer's terror-tales, shalt seek To break from us. * * * And now, since I have taught that things cannot Be born from nothing, nor the same, when born, To nothing be recalled, doubt not my words, Because our eyes no primal germs perceive; For mark those bodies which, though known to be In this our world, are yet invisible: The winds infuriate lash our face and frame, Unseen, and swamp huge ships and rend the clouds, Or, eddying wildly down, bestrew the plains With mighty trees, or scour the mountain tops With forest-crackling blasts. Mendelssohn - Songs Without Words (complete set) - Rena Kyriakou - Duration: 2… The body has seeds of many things hidden in it of various shapes, smells, tastes & colors all lumped together in one mass, Like the letters of the alphabet – a letter can be used in many different words to give different sounds & meanings, You don’t see things like a half-man, half-animal because things have their own seeds & they don’t fuse together to make a mixture very often, Nature usually doesn’t all such things – if they do happen, nature finds a way to get rid of it quickly, Atoms don’t have color – it all depends on how they’re combined for color to appear, Taking away or adding atoms can change the color, No colors can exist without light & therefore atoms can’t have color without it, Atomic shapes aren’t assigned a certain color because each shape can occur in any color, Not all things have a smell or sound, so not everything has a color, Just like atoms have no color, they don’t have any perishable qualities like smell, heat or cold because objects can be smelly or not smelly, hot or cold & still be the same thing, Atoms don’t have any sensation but they do form to make things that do: animals grow from insensate matter, Worms grow in manure, cattle turn into our flesh by our eating them, If you blend matter willy-nilly, you probably won’t get anything living or sensing, It all depends on how the atoms collect – it has to be in a special way to produce life. Whence he to us, a conqueror, reports What things can rise to being, what cannot, And by what law to each its scope prescribed, Its boundary stone that clings so deep in Time. Or how, when thus restored, may daedal Earth Foster and plenish with her ancient food, Which, kind by kind, she offers unto each? On the Nature of Things By Lucretius Written 50 B.C.E Translated by William Ellery Leonard These are all perishable & the perishable nature of animals comes from the combination of non-perishable atoms, Sense comes after the birth of an animal because the constituent atoms aren’t together until the birth & only when they come together do we have an animal who can sense, When an animal gets pounded extremely hard, all the senses, the soul & body get hit & the atoms get unravelled, Sometimes the blow isn’t too hard & motions of life prevail & the atoms settle, rallying the animal back to life, Atoms don’t feel pain but when they are upset, the animal feels pain & feels pleasure once they are settled, If they could feel pain or pleasure, you’d see them laughing & crying, which is an absolutely ridiculous idea, Death is not the destruction of atoms but a break down in the functioning of the thing that they atoms have formed, I know this is all new & hard to believe but we know of many things being true that are hard to believe at first, There’s no consequence, negative or positive, of not believing this but don’t let the novelty or strangeness of this deter you, There’s no reason to think that this world is unique, If atoms could combine to make the earth & there’s an infinite number of them, there’s every chance that there’s another world out there just like ours with different animals & different men, There’s nothing that’s one-of-a-kind because nothing comes from nothing & things come from other similar things, There’s infinite sky, earth, sun, moon & sea, Nature is free & unchained from the gods that men claim to rule the universe, When the world was born, a lot was added together, Water settles with water, earth atoms grow together & air collects with air, Maturity grows with the continuation of atoms accumulating faster than separating, As time goes on, they being to separate faster than they accumulate & this is old age, The world will be battered & will crumble into ruin, Eventually, nature won’t be able to supply what’s needed & things collapse to become food & source for growth for new things, We curse our old age & loss of our lives but forget that we once fed off dying things when we were young.

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