[33] Annually, slaves or captives were selected as sacrifices to Xipe Totec. As an example, during Tlacaxipehualiztli (meaning the ‘Flaying of Men’), which is the second ritual month in the Aztec calendar, the priests of Xipe Totec would offer human sacrifices to appease the god, as well as to ensure that they would have a good harvest that year. These rituals also provided body part war trophies, in which the warriors who captured the victim were awarded a femur to display at home. To worship him, the people who did sacrifices took the skins of captured soldiers and wore them. There was a celebration for this god called Tlacaxipehualiztli. Matos Moctezuma & Solis Olguín 2002, p.451-2. [6] Xipe Totec is associated with pimples, inflammation and eye diseases,[11][12] and possibly plague. [22] His body is often painted yellow on one side and tan on the other. Adventure Fanfiction Fantasy Aztec Mythology Xipe Totec Tezcatlipoca ... Quetzalcoatl Huitzilopotchli Chicomecoatl Tonatiuh Itzpapalotl Blood Sacrifice Gore Mythology Mexica Skin Deep tells the story of four Aztec Gods who set out on a journey across the land to retrieve four mystical hidden items left by their parent, the dual god Ometeotl. Without his skin, he was depicted as a gold en god. The find is very important because experts only know about this Mesoamerican deity through the accounts of the Spanish and in representations in other temples. Xipe Totec was widely worshipped in central Mexico at the time of the Spanish Conquest,[6] and was known throughout most of Mesoamerica. [41] At the end of the Tlacaxipehualiztli festival, gladiator sacrifice (known as tlauauaniliztli) was carried out by five Aztec warriors; two jaguar warriors, two eagle warriors and a fifth, left-handed warrior. Depictions of him show him wearing a flayed skin and holding a weapon, a shield, or a jug filled with grain. He is associated with rejuvenation and spring time. During the festival of Tlacaxipehualiztli, dances and ritual battles were performed, culminating in the gladitorial sacrifice of captives. Gender: Male Type: God Celebration or Feast Day: Unknown at present. [14] New vegetation was represented by putting on the new skin of a flayed captive because it symbolized the vegetation the earth puts on when the rain comes. Xipe Totec’s Temple Xipe Totec’s dark, cave-like temple was called Yopico (‘the place of Yopi’, Xipe Totec’s Zapotec name). Transformed into the god, the victims were led through a series of rituals performing as Xipe Totec, then they were sacrificed and their body parts distributed among the community. The flayed skins were often taken from sacrificial victims who had their hearts cut out, and some representations of Xipe Totec show a stitched-up wound in the chest. [34] This act of putting on new skin was a ceremony called 'Neteotquiliztli' translating to "impersonation of a god". Before this sacrifice, the victims were taken through the streets as a warning to others. Xipe Totec’s fertility cult selected victims from war captives and slaves. [40] The spilling of the victim's blood to the ground was symbolic of the desired abundant rainfall, with a hopeful result of plentiful crops. These sacrificial victims, usually war captives, would typically be killed by having their hearts removed. Cult activities conducted in honor of Xipe Totec included two spectacular forms of sacrifice: the gladiator sacrifice and the arrow sacrifice. A satrap was adorned in the skin taken from one of the captives in order to appear like Xipe Totec. Read more. wikipedia While stories of sacrifice were a common element in many religions, the Aztecs took this element a step further by engaging in a multitude of sacrificial rituals. Xipe Totec appears in codices with his right hand upraised and his left hand extending towards the front. [7], Xipe Totec connected agricultural renewal with warfare. Xipe Totec flayed himself to give food to humanity, symbolic of the maize seed losing the … While in the houses, they sat down on sheaves of tzapote leaves and put on necklaces which were made of ears of corn and flowers. Michael D. Coe & Rex Koontz 1962, 1977, 1984, 1994, 2002, 2008, p.207. In Toltec art, Xipe is associated with bats and sometimes bat icons decorate the statues. ( Public Domain ) Insights into Xipe Totec . Xipe Totec was widely worshipped in central Mexico at the time of the Spanish Conquest, and … Xipe Totec was widely worshipped in central Mexico at the time of the Spanish Conquest, [4] and was known throughout most of Mesoamerica. The gladiator sacrifice involved tying an especially brave captive warrior to a large, carved circular stone and forcing him to fight a mock battle with an experienced Mexica soldier. [40] A white cord was tied either around his waist or his ankle, binding him to the sacred temalacatl stone. Xipe totecs(Ana,Yuki) Powerful beat makers! Human sacrifice was an important aspect of Aztec religion. [7] Representations of the god have been found as far away as Mayapan in the Yucatán Peninsula. In some cases, some parts of the human skin covering is painted yellowish-gray. [24][25] In most of Xipe Totec sculptures, artists always make emphasis in his sacrificial and renewal nature by portraying the different layers of skin. In Aztec mythology and religion, Xipe Totec ("Fleeced-Lord") was a life-death-rebirth deity, god of agriculture, vegetation, the east, disease, spring, goldsmiths, silversmiths and the seasons. The skin symbolizes the outer husk of a seed prior to germination. Like the fertility rituals these involved wearing the skin of flayed men, but the victims were chosen from a different pool. The deity was honored with a dance and ended in a war exercise. Xipe Totec's name was derived from the myth by which the god flayed—peeled and cut off—his own skin to feed humans. [15], This deity is of uncertain origin. 563 talking about this. They were seated and offered Xipe Totec an uncooked tart of ground maize, many ears of corn that had been broken apart in order to get to the seeds, along with fruits and flowers. Xipe Totec ( pron. [37], The goldsmiths also participated in Tlacaxipehualizti. More specifically, flaying is associated with the cycle of American corn (maize) as it sheds its external seed covering when it is ready to germinate. Matos Moctezuma & Solis Olguín 2002, p.324. [2] [31] The central ritual act of "Tlacaxipehualiztli" was the gladiatorial sacrifice of war prisoners, which both began and culminated the festival. He wears a flat disc-shaped collar which has been interpreted by some scholars as the neck of the flayed victim and his face is striped with red and yellow bars. 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