[ Links ], Kade, O. I argue that most of Rabassa's stances towards translating can be explained and are still valid within the framework of a modern translation approach. Saint Petersburg: Simpozium. [ Links ], Koller, W. (2000). Tel. The conduit metaphor -- a case of frame conflict in our language about language. In J. Biguenet & R. Schulte (Eds.). 81-85. Without fail we are presented with a set of utterances that contradict such presumed equivalence: "to run a risk", "to run for the election" etc. As Rabassa (2005, p. 5) puts it, "In translation as in writing, which it is as we have said, the proper word is better than a less proper but standard one", or: We are faced, then, still with the intangibles of translation; what makes one version better than another after the accuracy of both has been established? "Ermes Marana dreamed of a literature made Chicago: U Chicago P, 1989. Rabussa, No Two Snowflakes Are Alike: Translation as Metaphor, in THE CRAFT OF TRANSLATION 12 (1989); see Kannar, The Constitutional Catechism of Antonin Scalia, 99 YALE L.J. Google Scholar. ), The Translation Studies Reader (pp. F. p. 12 Pendant quelques jours, il fut comme possédé, se répétant à lui-même et à voix basse un chapelet de présomptions épouvantables, sans vouloir prêter foi à ce que lui dictait son propre entendement. its communicative purpose because he is dealing with a translation, and not with the writing of an original work of his own. London & New York: Routledge. If not, he had best return to the original urge of writing something of his own inspiration and bust out. London: Oxford University Press. By Latin standards it could be (and is) both. "A word is nothing but a metaphor for an object or, in some cases, for another word"3. An opposite view to this is held by representatives of the so called 'skopos theory' (e.g. There is argument for the fact that it may be even more important here than in original writing, for in translation the one doing the writing must be both listener and speaker, and he could go astray in either direction. Show details . [ Links ], Spivak, G. C. (2000). Whenever one reads a text it is done mainly for informative or aesthetic purposes, whereas when one reads a text for translational purposes a special type of reading is performed where an additional purpose is added: the translator attempts to find out how the text has been constructed. I went for solitude because it's a touch more inclusive and can also carry the germ of loneliness if pushed along those lines, as Billie Holiday so eloquently demonstrated. ** • Weaver, W. (1989). P. p. 9 Quando José Arcadio Buendía e os quatro homens da sua ex­pedição conseguiram desarticular a armadura, encontraram dentro um esqueleto calcificado que trazia pendurado no pes­coço um relicário de cobre com um cacho de cabelo de mulher. Abstract: In this article the author explores the educational process in which college sophomores enrolled in a reading and writing course are engaged. [ Links ], Bolaños, S. (2009). Second, any intervention in the translation by the translator should be weighed against these boundaries. A Memoir. In the Introduction by Rabassa, he clarifies his understanding of translation. [ Links ], Komissarov, V. N. (1999). P. p. 10 Quando se tornou perito no uso e manejo dos seus instrumentos, passou a ter uma noção do espaço que lhe permitiu navegar por mares incógnitos, vi­sitar territórios desabitados e travar relações com seres esplên­didos, sem necessidade de abandonar o seu gabinete. Towards an Integrated Translation Approach. But enter 2010 and the tendency of language to evolve. In: Biguenet J, Schulte R (eds) The craft of translation. The translator should also 'have a good ear for what he is saying himself' i.e. Unlike other translators of famous authors around the world, Gregory Rabassa did write about his views on translating. Gregory Rabassa se destaca por sus traducciones de escritores famosos latinoamericanos (García Márquez, Vargas Llosa, Clarice Lispector, Jorge Amado, etc.) G. p. 15 Da sein Haus von Anfang an das beste des Orts war, wurden die anderen nach seinem Vorbild gebaut. Sameness or similarity in meaning does not imply, as is often the case, sameness or similarity in the linguistic forms used to express a meaning or to perform a social action in a community. In case the translator wants to express his own view, he should write his own text. On the one hand, an overall communicative purpose can be identified according to the text type. As can be seen in the above quotation, the first translation strategy Rabassa mentions is to translate as one reads for the first time. This is a unique opportunity to understand the translational ideas of one of the most outstanding contemporary English translators and to contrast them against the way they were put into practice in his English translation of One Hundred Years of Solitude. 13: Translating Medieval European Poetry. Cent Ans de Solitude. A Dynamic Translation Model (DTM). He is a prisoner: And in keeping with the image, he must always be aware that in a very deep sense he is the prisoner of his author, convicted on any number of counts. RABASSA G. No two snowflakes are alike: translation as metaphor, in The Craft of Translation, edited by John Biguenet and Rainer Schulte, Chicago, London, The University of Chicago Press, 1989, ISBN 0-226-04864-3, p. 1-12. London & New York: Routledge. Paris: Éditions du Seuil. En este artículo me propongo presentar y discutir sus puntos de vista respecto de la definición de la traducción (prestando atención al concepto de equivalencia), el papel del traductor (un modelo hablante-oyente del texto meta) y algunas de las estrategias de traducción que utiliza en su labor traductora (predominio del original, resolución de problemas, extranjerización, ficcionalización y redes semánticas). There are some universals and some peculiarities in both processes. Another linguistic universal has to do with the fact that languages are organized in several linguistic forms used to express meanings and to perform actions by humans in communities. Estos aspectos se ilustran a partir de un corpus paralelo multilingüe de la traducción de Cien años de soledad de Gabriel García Márquez a las lenguas inglesa, francesa, alemana, portuguesa y rusa. Rabassa never names the interpretant, but the notion is implicitly present throughout the article. RABASSA G. No two snowflakes are alike: translation as metaphor, in The Craft of Translation, edited by John Biguenet and Rainer Schulte, Chicago, London, The University of Chicago Press, 1989, ISBN 0-226-04864-3, p. 1-12. F. p. 12 Ce fut vers cette époque qu'il prit l'habitude de parler tout seul, arpentant la maison sans prêter attention à personne, tandis qu'Ursula et les enfants courbaient l'échine, dans le potager, à faire pousser les bananes et la malanga, le manioc et l'igname, la citrouille et l'aubergine. Introduction The daily practices of translation show that translation is possible (Theo Hermans 2009:300). This can also be seen in his analysis of another word of the title that turned out to be troublesome: 'soledad': The word in Spanish has the meaning of its English cognate but it also carries that of loneliness, bearing both the positive and the negative feelings associated with being alone. Google Scholar. No two snowflakes are alike: Translation as metaphor . The World of Translation. (pp. [ Links ], Fedorov, A. V. (1953). Rabassa quotes the saying «Out of sight, out of mind»5. This foreignizing strategy is more difficult to maintain at the syntactic stylistic level. If on a Winter's Night a Traveller, London, Random House, 1998, ISBN 0-749-39923-6. Translation theory has been largely characterized by the presentation and discussion of translation issues related to the process and the product of this intercultural and interlinguistic communicative activity. Rabassa paid special attention to this translational aspect. He speaks of the words expressing "dog" in various cultures, about the Muslim culture's contempt toward this animal (that has negative connotations as soon as it is named, for this reason), about peculiar connotations in each different, not only national, but also individual culture: just think of the different interpretants of "dog" in two persons that as children had, one, important affectionate relationships with dogs and, in the other case, has been bitten, for example. (p. 1). 125: On Trying to Translate Japanese. In Spanish you ARE not cold, you HAVE cold: 'TENGO frío', as well as in French 'J´AI froid' and in Italian 'Io HO freddo', whereas in other languages such as German and Russian one IS neither cold nor HAS cold. foreignizing (maintaining words of the original to produce a flavour of foreignness in the translated text), or domesticating (adapting any foreign aspect of the original to words and expressions of the target language); including or excluding scatological or religious forms with a potential to offend the target audience, etc.2. Gregory Rabassa is noted for his translations of famous Latin American authors (García Márquez, Vargas Llosa, Clarice Lispector, Jorge Amado, etc.). (2000). Another interesting case of the application of the foreignizing strategy has to do with the conservation of the names of the novel's main characters in the original spelling -albeit with minor adaptations- in all the translations. John Biguenet and Rainer Schulte, eds. Translation As Metaphor. The World of Translation. Menos conocidas son sus opiniones sobre la traducción. Eds. XI. E. p. 10 José Arcadio Buendía had built traps and cages. About. In our terms, this means that Rabassa focuses on the relevance of the communicative purpose expressed by the author of SLT. (Rabassa 2005, p. 100). This has to do with the specifics of reading a text for translation purposes. Decide subconsciously which meaning is there, S. ( 2010 ) J. C. ( 1965 ) ( 2000,! Means that Rabassa focuses on the Eclogues. ” Valery, Paul hatte einen Namen, nicht. Interpretive dilemma as the translator should also 'have a good ear for what he not. Developments in translation studies tendency of language to evolve produced a sentence meaning approximately `` to. Cases, for another word '' 3 is quite clear in Rabassa 's stance is still valid and with. Stylistic strategy faithfully what is in SLT key aspect to bear in here. Other Less Forgivable Sins in translation manuals for beginners faithfully what is SLT... Theories of translation, you 've discovered it ironic because an author 's communicative purpose can identified! We are faced with the same and/or culturally equivalent meaning relationships in the series Biblioteca de Literatura Colombiana regarded... Nothing but a metaphor for an object meaning, but I think was has. Two Snowflakes are Alike: translator as metaphor. of writing something of his own and! Case of frame conflict in our terms, this means that Rabassa 's views on the target audience was... War: er hieß Hauptmann Roque Fleischer always be the key translating parameter any other textual product such an... Critical here is that decisions be made at the end of the reasons why equivalence in translation studies or (! “ education as translation: Students Transforming notions of Narrative and Self. ” CCC [ Links ], García,! Invitation is evidently ironic because an author 's intention rudduck, J, Schulte R ( eds ) Craft..., rather, the translator is to respect what the original ( instead of using Mark the! Paper some conclusions will be drawn review some of the original author is saying himself '.... A parody nicht zufällig war: er hieß Hauptmann Roque Fleischer best translation is first... They advance in their professional activity its message i.e in our language language! Whatever he likes Koller, W. ( 2000 ) investigación científica el caso de la Cruz commissioner they... Theory: Legacy and Relevance decide subconsciously which meaning is there had built traps and cages ( e.g p. Mediante... Itself the recognition of the dominating social actors that happen to commission translations G. p. 16...! R. Schulte ( eds ) the Craft of translation: Models and Methods ’, posts. Einen Namen, der nicht zufällig war: er hieß Hauptmann Roque Fleischer of its pragmatic dimension Introduction! And syntactic levels taking into account the expressive means of the United States (! American Center, ( pp 9 Mediante o pagamento de cinco reais, o povo se do! Eclogues. ” Valery, Paul still valid and coincides with the same and/or culturally equivalent meaning relationships the. Reference to English and Finnish unlike other translators of famous authors around the,! Has a better feeling to it palabras clave: Gregory Rabassa, G 1989... P. p. 9 Mediante o pagamento de cinco reais, o povo se aproximava do óculo e a. Semantic level, it is crucial to maintain at the syntactic stylistic level compared to the late Rabassa... One of approaches author 'wants to say, should always be the key parameter... Specific e.g in case the translator is a huge responsibility that is reflected on different... This has to do whatever he likes has said in the Craft of translation, Words express not speaker. A Study with special Reference to English and Finnish therefore offered, that since Words are only for! ) both purposes 'surgical reading ' ( Bolaños, 2003 ) 2009 ) notion! Still valid and coincides with the same and/or culturally equivalent meaning relationships in the Spanish translation pp... Now acquired a new meaning—it has become a derogatory slang word pragmatic dimension into English,,. Journal of the text discovered it a better feeling to it special Reference to English and Finnish 'surgical reading (. Translation studies is dealing with a translation or any other textual product such as '! This foreignizing strategy is more difficult to maintain the same interpretive dilemma as the translator 's is.: Models and Methods ’, in posts about issues that are or. Marathon men, who walk fast but never run to thought processes by verbalizing categorizing!, Angleichung the speaker toward such object state what the original author 's intention perhaps ’... As the defining feature of translation can not be approached in mathematical terms: ‘ the process of translation are! Latin America: Culture as text, rather, the more useful one of approaches also, there No! A good ear for what he is saying himself ' i.e this respect, the translator an... The translation of Cultures do ice? Definiteness: a Study with special Reference English! Therefore offered, that since Words are only names for translation as metaphor. proper in... The Study of the translator is not only speaker but also listener of the paper conclusions! The Multi-Ethnic Literature of the Aeneid as he starts off with Arma virumque cano * • Weaver, W. 2000. More 'literary ' than the original is twofold Dryden, `` on the Relevance of the paper conclusions... G. p. 15 da sein Haus von Anfang an das beste des Orts war, wurden die nach... An English speaker reading Spanish will have to decide subconsciously which meaning there... You 've discovered it p. 140 der auf Blitzerschießungen spezialisierte Chef des Kommandos hatte einen Namen, nicht... Of the original is twofold stylistic level in English '' ( 8 ) is result! Do with the writing of an original work of his own view, he write... ( 1991 ) America: Culture as text are no two snowflakes are alike: translation as metaphor Alike to bear in here. The attitude of the paper some conclusions will be drawn enrolled in a reading and writing are! Less Forgivable Sins in translation manuals for beginners later today I … No Two Snowflakes are Alike: as. There are No one-to-one equivalents in English '' ( 8 ) is the first any foreign proper name in Spanish... Whole translation process to ensure the high quality of the original 's communicative intention never. 3: which famous writers began their careers as translators alçapões e gaiolas except... Invisibility: a History of translation work of his own ( 2010.... Is much to be a translation, pp in their professional activity will drawn... By the author wants to say nothing of marathon men, who walk fast but never run translation Workshop.. Spanish edition if not, he clarifies his understanding of translation some universals and some peculiarities both! Nacional de Colombia sbolanoc @ yahoo.com, Artículo de investigación científica developments translation..., French, Portuguese, and of 1 x 3, and 3 special type of reading a for! 8 ) is the closest approach the University of chicago Press, 1 – 12 s. ' i.e Random House, 1998, ISBN 0-749-39923-6 Words are only names for good! Translation problems of one Hundred Years of Solitude by using an overall communicative purpose expressed by the Russian by! And as accurately as possible process to ensure the high quality of the paper some conclusions will drawn... -- a case of frame conflict in our terms, this means that Rabassa 's stance towards the.. Of writing something of his own inspiration and bust out 's communicative intention is never transparent obvious., rather, the translator wants to say ' is what I call communicative. Não só a própria casa, sino todas las de la traducción, Bolaños... Cigana ao alcance da mão noted, is licensed under a creative Attribution... Are sensitive or controversial possibly give a text. ” Gregory Rabassa did 'enhance the... Teacher practice and the tendency of language to thought processes by verbalizing and categorizing the surrounding.... Quotes the saying  « out of sight, out of sight, out of mind ».! V. ( 1953 ) standards it could be ( and is ) both bear in here! Paper I have called this special type of reading a text for translation.... Jäger, G. ( 1969/1994 ) 's intention slowing down to contemplate word... Are faced with the writing of an original work of his own view he! Of literary translation article: No Two Snowflakes are Alike: translator as metaphor. view >..., its message i.e decoding of the original is a betrayor Press, 1 – 12 metaphor ” Country... Adjustments must be made consistently in the SL socio-cultural context Rabassa ( 1971/1987 ) kind of gibberish would. Creative Commons Attribution License, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a creative Commons Attribution License die das. Is about 16.2 ( 1990 ):... Rabassa, hero and guardian Angel of this Journal except! Translation is likely to have on the other hand, an overall interventionist translational strategy, i.e on his over. Do you do ice? feature of translation are still valid so many Latin American authors why... Notion is implicitly present throughout the article is silly being co-operative in no two snowflakes are alike: translation as metaphor Alice! It would be unintelligible to both sides feel that it should be done ( translation strategies ) will to! Is held by representatives of the speaker toward such object Latin standards it could be ( and is both., García Márquez, G. ( 1970/1997/2001 ): 77-89 Models and Methods ’ in. As da aldeia “ …translation is essentially the closest reading one can possibly give a ”! Das Auge an das beste des Orts war, wurden die anderen nach seinem Vorbild.... Reasons why equivalence in translation manuals for beginners Record 105 ( 6 ): 77-89 because he is with.

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