The battalion came ashore piecemeal starting on 10 July, with men and equipment offloading separately. Center of Military History, Lineage and Honors, 2nd Battalion 70th Armor. , The 4th Infantry Division was one of the assault divisions for Operation Cobra, the planned breakout from Normandy. --General Orders No. Fort Riley Public Affairs Office, 3 Nov 2014. The battalion's employment with the 1st Cavalry Division closely mirrored their use during World War II. 129 talking about this. Constituted 24 March 1923 in the Regular Army as Company C, 19th Tank Battalion. The 70th Tank Battalion was activated 15 July, 1940 at Fort Meade, Maryland as the first independent tank battalion in the US Army. The battalion still had a headquarters and headquarters company and three tank companies. Fuel shortages imposed several days of inactivity during which the battalion was able to catch up on maintenance. In early January 1951, the 70th Tank Battalion began preparations to move out of the line, and on 7 January 1951 moved into assembly areas in the vicinity of Singidong. Location, building number.  With their assault role completed, Company C reverted to routine duties near Port Lyautey. , In crossing the German frontier, the 70th Tank Battalion found themselves immediately in the Siegfried Line. On 26 September, the company sailed from New York. Washington, DC: The Johns Hopkins University, 1955. , Company B landed with the 47th Regimental Combat Team of the 9th Infantry Division at Safi, Morocco in order to secure the port. The next day the battalion was back in contact with the Germans, though the sporadic and ineffective nature of the combat indicated organized German military resistance had collapsed. The battalion suffered 8 killed and 39 wounded in three weeks of combat in the Hürtgen Forest, with 10 tanks lost and another 8 damaged due to enemy fire and mines. 2nd Platoon and 3rd Platoon, Company C - Presidential Unit Citation, 21–27 September 1950, Department of the Army General Order 35-50. In April 1944, the 70th Tank Battalion participated in Operation Tiger, a dress rehearsal for the Utah Beach landing, successfully navigating their DD tanks through the surf for the first time. As part of the heaviest brigade in the war, consisting of three armor battalions and a mechanized infantry battalion, the two battalions were in the leading force of the 1st Armored Division. Some 250 men had to be transferred to the unit from other units on Fort Knox, from Fort Campbell, Kentucky and Fort Meade, Maryland. , Company C’s objective, the all weather airport at Port Lyautey, was to have been taken on 8 November. Washington, DC: U.S. Army Center of Military History, 1992. http://www.history.army.mil/books/korea/20-2-1/toc.htm, Armor in Operation Neptune: Establishment of the Normandy Beachhead.  On 8–9 May, the battalion (minus Company C), participated in a raid as part of Task Force Rhino, and advanced 30 km northeast to the town of Reifferscheid—nearly half of the remaining distance to the Rhine River. , On the basis of this training experience, the 1st Infantry Division and the 70th Tank Battalion were alerted for deployment on 4 January 1942, less than a month after the attack on Pearl Harbor. After the first week, 2–70 Armor was cut to the 101st Air Assault Division west of Al Kifl, Iraq. By April, the battalion moved to the Devonshire coast and began amphibious training with the 4th Infantry Division. As part of the "peace dividend" after the dissolution of the Soviet Union in December 1991, the battalion was inactivated on 15 December 1993 as U.S. forces in Germany were substantially reduced and the 3rd Infantry Division brought back from Germany.  However, by the end of 1970 the rest of the division, including 3–70 Armor, had also been withdrawn from Germany and all elements of the 70th Armor Regiment were inactivated at Fort Riley. Washington, DC: U.S. Army Center of Military History, 2011. http://www.history.army.mil/html/books/070/70-118-1/CMH_70-118.pdf, Cole, Hugh M. The Ardennes: Battle of the Bulge. The battalion supported the 4th Infantry Division on Utah Beach during the D-Day landings in France, and fought with the 4th Infantry Division through the remainder of World War II. In early January 1951, the 70th Tank Battalion began preparations to move out of the line, and on 7 January 1951 moved into assembly areas in the vicinity of Singidong.  For the first time since early after their arrival in Korea, the 70th saw large numbers of communist tanks across their front, though they were consistently beaten off with concentrated tank and artillery fire, sometimes in conjunction also with close air support. Brigadier General Theodore Roosevelt, Jr., first as regimental commander of the 26th Infantry Regiment, then as assistant division commander of the 1st Infantry Division was also impressed by the performance of the 70th and worked successfully to have them attached for the landings to the 4th Infantry Division, where Roosevelt had been reassigned as assistant division commander.. The Battle of the Bulge began on 16 December, and the 70th Tank Battalion was located on the southern flank of the German penetration, with only eleven of its 54 medium tanks in operating condition. , In late January 1945 the 70th Tank Battalion was alerted that they would soon be on the move again. Cross Channel Attack. 5th Squadron, 4th Cavalry Regiment "Long Knife" (785) 240-2730 Units of the battalion participated in Operation Desert Shield/Desert Storm, and have served in Southwest Asia as part of the Global War on Terrorism. Due to this navigational error and the more spirited response from the French defenders than at the other landing sites, the airfield did not fall until 11 November. When the Army instituted the Combat Arms Regimental System (CARS) in the late 1950s, the 70th Tank Battalion was selected for conversion into the 70th Armor Regiment. New York: Stein and Day, 1984. , In addition to home station training at Fort Meade, the battalion trained at Indiantown Gap, Pennsylvania and Fort Knox, Kentucky in early 1941. However, the division and the 70th Tank Battalion were so exhausted and depleted that they were instead withdrawn from the line beginning on 3 December and relocated over the next eight days to the vicinity of Luxembourg. On 28 November, the division was committed to the Eighth Army’s right flank to prevent encirclement by the Chinese. Tanks of Company C led the advance of Task Force Lynch (after Lieutenant Colonel James H. Lynch), consisting of troops of 3rd Battalion 7th Cavalry Regiment and other units, in their drive toward the units breaking out from the Inchon landings.  It consisted of a Headquarters and Headquarters Company, Service Company, three medium tank companies (Companies A, B, and C) and a light tank company (Company D).  The battalion immediately set about unloading the tanks from the transport and reloading them on trains for Taegu. On 16 February 1944, they departed for Camp Barton Stacey, near Andover. The break had given the Germans an opportunity to stiffen their defenses, and the battalion suffered 9 killed and 18 wounded in just two days of action. The battalion began transferring property to the 245th Tank Battalion on 7 December and the bulk of the battalion departed Korea by ship on 17 December. 3–69 AR was the first conventional US unit to enter Iraq in 2003, and among the first units to serve four tours in Iraq.Throughout Operation Iraqi Freedom 3–69 AR was featured several times on CNN, ABC … Best, Robert J. Once deployed, the Brigade's assignment to Germany was made permanent and attached to the 8th Infantry Division. Company D moved into Paris the next day, ostensibly to helps secure the city, but found instead a tumultuous reception, while the medium tank companies continued the fight in the environs to the northeast of Paris.  By 24 August, the battalion was on the outskirts of Paris. Continuing to advance northward against sporadic resistance the battalion reached Pyongyang on 20 October. The 70th Tank Battalion, and later the battalions of the 70th Armor Regiment, saw numerous changes to the table of organization and equipment over the years. As Allied units closed on Bizerte and Tunis in the final stages of the campaign, German and Italian troops preferred to surrender to the company of American light tanks rather than the British or French. The battalion’s employment with the 1st Cavalry Division closely mirrored their use during World War II. On 16 February 1944, they departed for Camp Barton Stacey, near Andover.  In these final days before the landings, the battalion also received dozer tanks for the landings and a levy of combat engineers to help fill out the crews on the additional tanks.  Initial ground combat was light, but the company faced repeated air raids when it began guarding the Glida airport. Despite its initial designation as a medium tank battalion, the 70th was organized as a light tank battalion and received only light tanks. When CARS was replaced by the U.S. Army Regimental System (USARS) system in 1981, the 70th Armor Regiment continued to carry the colors and honors of the regiment. , After several days of "mopping up" operations, the battalion moved on 4 October to the vicinity of Wijon-ni to prepare for crossing the Imjin River as American and United Nations troops continued to advance northward. With this new addition, the first requirement of the battalion was to reorganize and re-equip the battalion as a de facto medium tank battalion. Strike Swiftly!  The 70th advanced due east to Tauberbischofsheim on 30 March, then from there swung southeast.  The battalion briefly went into reserve on 29 July, but was back in the 1st Cavalry Division line in early August. , After several days of “mopping up” operations, the battalion moved on 4 October to the vicinity of Wijon-ni to prepare for crossing the Imjin River as American and United Nations troops continued to advance northward. Its 3rd Battalion was assigned to the 1st Stryker Brigade Combat Team, 1st Armored Division, which was replaced in 2018 by 4th Battalion, 70th Armor Regiment, 1st Brigade Combat Team, 1st Armored Division. Armored regiment of the United States Army. Combined Arms Research Library (CARL) Digital Collection.  On 16 December 1944, elements of the battalion were sent forward with infantrymen of the 12th Infantry Regiment mounted on their tanks in order to reach elements of the regiment which had been overrun and isolated near Echternach, Berdorf, Lauterborn, Osweiler, and Dickweiler, in the northeastern part of Luxembourg. Nashville, TN: Turner Publishing, 1988. The battalion began to receive new tanks to replace ones lost in combat and continued training for the next campaign, and naturally assumed they would be part of the Italian mainland invasion force. Its battalions redeployed to Erlangen in April and May, with their equipment arriving over the summer. Virtually out of contact with the enemy, the battalion used the time to train new replacements and catch up on administrative actions. 2–70 Armor deployed again to Iraq just a year later, in February 2005, with the 3rd Brigade Combat Team of the 1st Armored Division. This made the 70th Tank Battalion one of the founding units of the new armored force of the U.S. Army, along with the I Armored Corpsand 1st and 2nd Armored Divisions, and the first tank battalion not assigned to an armored division. The 70th Tank Battalion was formed as an independent medium tank battalion on 15 July 1940 at Fort Meade, Maryland from elements of the 34th Infantry Regiment and the 67th Infantry Regiment (Medium Tanks). Company B departed on 28 December 1951. The 3rd Battalion, 69th Armor Regiment (3–69 AR) is a United States Army combined arms battalion and part of the 3rd Infantry Division based at Fort Stewart, Georgia. 1–70 Armor operated from Wiesbaden Air Base from 1976 until the brigade was inactivated in 1984. Company C - Presidential Unit Citation, 3–12 October 1951, Department of the Army General Order 74-52.  The ongoing limited supply of fuel for the tanks during much of this period did nothing to improve the outlook, though it did help restore the combat strength of the unit-strength which would be needed in their next operation. By this time it had been decided that Companies A and B would be equipped with amphibious dual drive (DD) tanks for the landings. From there, they had access to larger maneuver areas in which to conduct unit tactical training. In exchange, the 1st Infantry Division received a company of M4 Shermans from the 753rd Tank Battalion.  Having thus stabilized the line, the battalion reverted to aggressive patrolling, often deep behind enemy lines. , On 31 October, Chinese forces counterattacked the American and UN forces in Korea. Crest: On a wreath Or and Vert, supported by two lions rampant sable langued gules a Korean gateway of the last with doors closed of the third secured by a bar with two holders of the first. , On 20 June 2019, the 3rd Battalion, 41st Infantry Regiment was reflagged as the 4th Battalion, 70th Armor at a ceremony at Fort Bliss, Texas, becoming part of the 1st Armored Brigade Combat Team, 1st Armored Division. Within a week of the battalion’s arrival, the Germans began their last desperate counteroffensive into the Ardennes. On 18 November, they conducted combat reconnaissance until the 1st Cavalry Division was placed in Army reserve on 21 November, where they remained until 28 November.  Finally, at the Battle of Medina Ridge, in what has been described as the largest tank battle of the war, the brigade led the division in attacking the Republican Guards Forces Command. Although recently returned from a rotation in Iraq, the 170th was selected for rotation to Afghanistan. However, the company was put ashore at Mehdya Plage, three miles from the intended landing site.  The battalion resumed aggressive patrolling in the 1st Cavalry Division sector into early April 1951, along with limited offensive objectives reaching Wonchang-ni. The battalion served as part of the training cadre at the Armor Center and School at Fort Knox until it was alerted for combat deployment to Korea in July 1950.. The battalion advanced as far as Ensheim (Saarbrücken) before they were relieved in place by the 740th Tank Battalion and reattached to the 4th Infantry Division on 18 March. The 70th Tank Battalion once again underwent massive reorganization when it was converted into a heavy tank battalion. Full command and control of the base was handed over to the 3rd Brigade, 6th Iraqi Army Division. As a result, although the infantry units of the division were initially engaged in penetrating the Siegfried Line, the 70th saw limited action until early November 1944. 3rd Battalion, 70th Armored Regiment Battalion. Tank Battalions of the U.S. Army. Tankers from Company B, 2nd Battalion, 70th Armor Regiment return fire after being ambushed in southern …  On the basis of the show of force off the coast of Martinique, the island's governor surrendered without a fight. As part of the heaviest brigade in the war, consisting of three armor battalions and a mechanized infantry battalion, the two battalions were in the leading force of the 1st Armored Division. 4th Battalion, 70th Armor – Valorous Unit Award, 26–28 February 1991, Department of the Army General Orders 27–94. The personnel from the 10th Light Tank Company were partitioned among the companies of the 70th Tank Battalion as well as to the 743rd Tank Battalion. , 2-70 Armor was once again assigned to the 24th Infantry Division at Fort Stewart, Georgia, but was inactivated on 15 October 1987.  Following the consolidation of the initial invasion objectives, the 70th Tank Battalion continued in support of the 4th Infantry Division as they moved northward to take the port city of Cherbourg, which fell on 27 June. , The 70th Heavy Tank Battalion later moved from Camp Chitose 2 to Camp Fuji and remained in Japan until 15 October 1957, when it was inactivated and relieved of assignment to the 1st Cavalry Division.. The 706th spent the war as a separate battalion. Most of the battalions of the 70th Armor retained their prior designations and bases, but the reorganization saw the creation of a fourth battalion (4–70 Armor) for the first time. , 1-70 Armor was reactivated when the 1st Battalion 40th Armor (1-40 Armor) was reflagged as 1-70 Armor in 1988.  Initial missions were route reconnaissance in order to become familiar with the terrain in anticipation of follow-on counterattack or withdrawal orders; and also show of force missions to discourage North Korean probes in the 1st Cavalry sector.  Additionally, the tanks underwent intensive maintenance and refit, receiving new track, replacement parts and, where parts could not be obtained normally, were even removed from display vehicles around the base.  During this phase of combat, the battalion once again learned the lessons of cooperating with dismounted infantry that had been learned in World War II and the Korean War. 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