Lothal was discovered by S.R. – It is one of the newest site to be excavated. Harappa is 4700 years old city in the subcontinent, discovered in 1920. 10. It stands as a proof for their maritime trade. Question 5. Rectangular basin has been found at Lothal that was said to be the dockyard. Excavations from later period do not show remains of materials from distant places. Region : Kadir Island in Gujarat (Rann of Kutch) Excavator : JP Joshi (1990) Important point – It was a large city spanned over 160 hectares. found in a warehouse close to the dockyard, scholars think that Lothal was a major trading centre of the Harappan civilization. Lothal, which means 'The City of Dead', is an old city dating back to the 4,400-year-old Harappan civilization and one of the few known ports on an ocean. 3. Lothal is a part of Indus valley civilization, and one of the major port of the ancient India of 4000 BC, It was a vital and thriving trade center, with trades beads, gems and valuable ornaments reaching the far corners of West Asia and Egypt. The plight of Harappa. civilization’ and ‘Harappan culture’ interchangeably. man and woman buried together. Explanation: Lothal was the first dockyard in the world. … are some of the most impressive achievements of the Harappan … One of the following Indus Valley sites is in Pakistan : A. Lothal B. Kalibangan C. Alamgirpur D. Harappa. The dockyard is located in eastern side of Lothal. Origin. About 80 years ago, archaeologists discovered the Harappan cities which were developed about 4700 years ago. consisting of a large “Dock, wharf and Warehouse” built with burnt bricks. The vast mounds at Harappa were first reported by Masson in 1826 and visited by Cunningham in 1853 and 1873. Bead factory : 5. the harappan civilization was discovered in the year Lothal is a site where dockyard of which of the following civilization were found? The Harappa Civilization suddenly declined around 3900 years ago. The nuclear dates of the civilization appear to be about 2500–1700 bce, though the … when railway lines were being laid down for the first time in Punjab. Huge basin / dockyard to dock ships . Houses were no longer as good as during the earlier period. Lothal was discovered by S. R. Rao in 1954. Although Harappa was the first site to be discovered. The Period of Indus valley civilization was 2500 B.C to 1500 B.C. Rao in 1945 A.D. Some of the major Harappan sites are as follows: Harappa Harappa site is called the “city of granaries” and was excavated by Dayaram Sahani in 1921. It was called the entrance of Harappan civilization was located at present-day Gujarat. Summary. Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) has set up an excellent museum to present high living standards and prosperity of Lothal residents. Vats at Mohenjo-daro and Harappa, and by N.G. Broken roads and clogged drains indicate towards a decline in infrastructure. Nearly all the cities that are discovered were constructed in a similar pattern. Dholavira. The dockyard is located in eastern side of Lothal. Lothal, also has revealed a huge dockyard for loading and unloading of goods. Show Answer 13. 20. Lothal location along the Bhogava river made it a port-town during that period. 20-21 This shows that the trade from the outside world had stopped. a) Harappa. While the great cities of Mohenjo-daro and Harappa were discovered by Sir John Marshall in the 1920s, it is astonishing that it would be 40 years before another significant Indus Valley Civilization (IVC) site – Lothal – would be found. Evidence of rice found in Lothal and Rongpur both are located in Gujarat. 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